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Longyearbyen (1600 inhabitants) and Barentsburg (1000 inhabitants) in Isfjord Bay, and Ny-Alesund (100 inhabitants) are the three principal communities of Spitzbergen and Svalbard.
Pyramiden (1000 inhabi-tants in 1990) was closed in 1998.

Coal mining is the major economic activity on Svalbard. The Norwegian state-owned coal company employs nearly 60% of the Norwegian population of Spitzbergen, runs many of the local services, and provides most of the local infrastructure.

Some glaciers in Spitzbergen and Svalbard from time to time advance with extraordinary high velocity, up to several kilometers during 3-6 years (surge). Tunabreen is a surging glacier calving into Tempelfjorden. It is currently (2004) in its active surge phase. Since winter 2003 this glacier has advanced by 1,5 km.

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a "doomsday" seedbank under construction on Spitzbergen. The government of Norway will fund most of the $3 000 000 construction cost, while the Global Crop Diversity Trust will take responsibility for operating the facility.

  Click on the arrows on the map WebCam Summer Winter



 Spitzbergen West - Maps

Longyearbyen City Map (1.5 MB) [pdf]
Nordenskiöld Land - Adventdalen [gif]
Isfjorden [gif]
Kongsfjorden [gif]
Prins Karls Forland - Forlandet [jpg]
Tromsdalen - Trongdalen (Krossfjorden) [gif]

 Video Svalbard
Video - Flight over Svalbard   Flight over Svalbard
Flying low level in a small plane over Svalbard
 Longyearbyen and Advent Valley

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